1 January 1961 - Pakistan switches over to the decimal system and issues new coins of the denomination of 1, 5 and 10 paisas.


Rome Olympics  - Pakistan beats Indian Hockey team. India had been the unbeaten hockey champion for last 32 years.


1962 - After Cape Verde, Pakistan becomes the second country to display a cricket BAT on its stamps


January 27 1961 - Warsak Dam inaugurated on the River Kabul 20 miles from Peshawar, built with a total cost of Rs 35 crore over last 4 years


1964 - President Ayub visits China and meets Chairman Mao and PM Zhu en Lai, thus paving way for a long time tested friendship between the two countries

26 Nov 1964 - Lahorites witness the TV for the first time. The inauguration of first TV station in Lahore brings video age to Pakistan


6 September 1965 - Indian army attacks Pakistan on Lahore, Sialkot and Kasur fronts. The 17 day war unites Pakistan against Indian aggression.

The Decade of Development - Ayub's 10 Years

General Muhammad Ayub Khan took over the reins of the country at a time when the political system of the country had almost collapsed and within 9 years of creation of Pakistan, 9 prime ministers had been appointed. When Sikander Mirza tried to make Ayub Khan the scapegoat after proclaiming martial law in 1958, Ayub overthrew him and sent him in exile (where he stayed till his death) and himself took over as the president in October 1958 and ruled Pakistan for almost ten years.
During his regime, Pakistan developed into a progressive country and much of the development, specially in the field of industrial sector which is repaying Pakistan in handsome exports revenues even till date, were established in Ayub's time. However, his government could not eliminate the basic problems of Pakistani society. Despite increased developmental funds to East Pakistan, the disparity between the two wings of Pakistan was not eliminated. His regime also initiated land reforms designed to reduce the political power of the landed aristocracy.
In January 1960, Ayub Khan's famous elections for Basic Democracies (BD) members were carried out which for a while ended the direct role of the people in electing the President as they cast their votes for BD candidates. On 14th February, the 80,000 elected BD members elected Ayub Khan as the first democratically elected president with a 'yes' turn over of 95.6%.
Ayub also promulgated a progressive Islamic law, the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance of 1961, imposing restrictions on polygamy and reinforcing inheritance rights of women. Some mega projects like the construction of Mangla Dam, the Karachi Steel Mills, oil refineries and above all construction of a new capital at Islamabad are also credited to him.
In March 1963, Pakistan and China signed a boundary agreement that was the beginning of a long drawn warm relations between the two countries, especially in the wake of the Sino-Indian cold conflict that almost erupted in war in 1962
A new constitution promulgated by Ayub in 1962 ended the period of martial law. The presidential election of January 1965 resulted in a victory for Ayub, although opposition parties were allowed to participate.

Historical 6 September 1965 address by Ayub Khan

Ayub skillfully aligned himself with USA, stimulating substantial economic and military aid to Pakistan. However, the 1965 Indo-Pak war on Kashmir brought these relations to the lowest ebb and suspension of US aid. Instead of USA, the erstwhile USSR intervened and mediated the conflict in January 1966 at Tashkent and the two countries withdrew their forces to pre-war positions and restored diplomatic relations.

The Tashkent Agreement is described by some as start of the downfall of Ayub's era. Foreign Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who opposed Pakistan's capitulation, resigned his position and founded the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) in opposition to the Ayub regime. Ayub tried unsuccessfully to make amends and imposed martial law. When things could not be controlled, he resigned in March 1969. In his last radio address to the nation on 25 March 1969, he said, "I cannot preside over the destruction of my country" Thus ended a meaningful, rather stable period of Pakistan history. Although not liked much by the politicians, he is still remembered by a majority of Pakistanis and his painting can still be seen on many trucks plying on the highways.
General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan, who was the designated martial-law administrator, assumed the presidency. Read More


Important Events 1958 - 68

27 October  '58: General Muhammad Musa appointed Commander-in-Chief
31 December '58: Hoarders deposited
hidden foreign currency worth 1 billion and 340 million
1958: Mayo School of Arts, Lahore renamed national College of Arts
1958: afghan Transit Trade agreement between Pakistan and Afghanistan finalized
8 January '59: First Defence Forces Day celebrated
21 January '59: The fiscal year changed from 1 March-30 April to 1 July - 30 June
24 January '59: The famous land reforms announced
23 February '59: Government announced 'Meat Holiday" on Tuesday - Wednesday
10 April '59: Pilot Officer Younis shoots down an Indian jet that intruded Pak airspace - pilot captured
12 July '59: Miss Shukriya Khanum awarded aviation license, becomes first Pakistani woman pilot
4-9 December '59: Intikhab Alm scores a clean bowled in his very first ball of cricket career in a test match against Australia in Karachi, becomes first Pakistani and eight bowler of the world to achieve this mark
24 February '60:
The federal cabinet approves construction of new capital near Rawalpindi - to be named "Islamabad", suggested by Abdul Rehman, Headmaster Town Committee High School, Arifwala
23 March '60: Foundation stone of Minar-e-Pakistan laid by Governor West Pakistan Mr Akhtar Hussain
1 May '60: US spy plane U-2 shot down over Russian airspace, flown from US base near Peshawar
23 May '60: Gama pehalwan dies at Lahore
12 August '60: Rs. 10 prize bonds issued
19 September '60: Indus Basin Water Treaty signed between Pakistan and India
15 July '61: "Chanbeili (Jasmine)" flower declared as the national flower
15 October '61: Bashir Shutarban visits USA and welcomed by US Vice President Mr Johnson
1 March '62: President Ayub announces the '62 National Constitution
24 May '62: Maxwell Prize for Professor Abdus Salam for his services in physics
7 June '62: Pakistan launches its first space satellite "Rahber-e-Awwal" from Sonmiani, Balochistan
17 August '62: State Bank of Pakistan announces new currency notes of Rs. 50 and 100 denomination
1 October '62: A Pakistani soldier on UN mission to Indonesia unfurls UN flag at Arian
23 November '62: President Ayub inaugurates first oil refinery of Pakistan at Karachi
23 February '63: Pakistan dispatches Pakistan made  "Ghilaaf-e-Ka'aba" to Saudi Arabia
1 January '64: Government College Lahore celebrates its centenary
1 June '64: Pakistan purchases its first submarine "Ghazi" from USA
21 July '64: RCD formed for regional development between Pakistan, Iran and Turkey
3 April '65: President Ayub visits Moscow - first official visit by a Pakistani head of the state
April '65: Pakistan and India go to war on disputed territories of Ran and Kuch
14 April  '65: President Ayub's statue added to Madam Tussaud's museum, London
20 May '65: PIA's Boeing 720-B crashes near Cairo on its inaugural flight - 104 died
5 February '66: Mujib ur Rehman announces his famous Six Points
4 May '66: Indigenously made ship "Al-Abbas" lowered into sea                        
July '66: PIA installs first IBM-1401 main frame computer in Karachi
14 November '66: Montgomery renamed Sahiwal
14 April '67:  Lahore awarded "Hilal-e-Istaqlal" by the President for its contribution during '65 War
6 November '67: Karachi TV station inaugurated 
23 November '67: Mangla Dam inaugurated by President Ayub
28 August '68: Shehzadi Sarwat weds Jordanian crown prince Hasan bin Talal
24 September '68: President Ayub inaugurates new building of High Court in Dacca
25 September '68: President Ayub lays foundation stone of Dacca TV station
4 November '68: Earth breaking ceremony of Tarbela Dam

Rare Photographs of Ayub's Time (left to right) - Ayub and Nehru together for signing Indus Basin Water Treaty 1960 - Oath Taking Ceremony 1962
Radio Address - President Ayub at Albert Victor Hall 1960

 With Trusted Bureaucrats - Elections 1965 (centre and right - President Ayub lined up at third place in photograph on right for casting his vote)

Witnessing Horse and Cattle Show, Lahore - With Prince Karim Agha Khan - Welcoming Prince Phillip 1961 - Visit Shah of Iran


LEFT - Ayub and US President Eisenhower appear on the cover page of LIFE magazine when the latter visited Pakistan in 1959
CENTRE: Mrs. John F Kennedy at reception at Lahore Shalamar gardens with then Governor West Pakistan Malik Amir Muhammad  Khan - 1962
RIGHT- Visit of Marshal Tito to Lahore Badshahi Mosque - Governor West Pakistan General Muhammad Musa on extreme right

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